Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana, is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens refer to themselves asBatswana (singular: Motswana). The official language of Botswana is English although Setswana is widely spoken across the country.Botswana’s climate is semi-arid. Though it is hot and dry for much of the year, there is a rainy season, which runs through the extremely hot summer months November to April.

A mid-sized country of just over 2 million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated nations in the world. Around 10 percent of the population lives in the capital and largest city, Gaborone. The country is predominantly flat, tending toward gently rolling tableland. Botswana is dominated by the Kalahari Desert, which covers up to 70% of its land surface. The Okavango Delta, one of the world’s largest inland deltas, is in the northwest. The Makgadikgadi Pan, a large salt pan, lies in the north.

Botswana has diverse areas of wildlife habitat. In addition to the delta and desert areas, there are grasslands and savannas, where blue wildebeest, antelopes, and other mammals and birds are found. Northern Botswana has one of the few remaining large populations of the endangered African wild dog. Chobe National Park, has the world’s largest concentration of African elephants. The park covers about 11,000 km2 (4,247 sq mi) and supports about 350 species of birds.

The Chobe National Park (near Kasane Town) and Moremi Game Reserve (in the Okavango Delta) are major tourist destinations. Other reserves include the Central Kalahari Game Reserve located in the Kalahari desert ; Makgadikgadi Pans National Park and Nxai Pan National Park are in the Makgadikgadi Pan.